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The mayor proposes to reaffirm the solidarity and institutional support of Totana with the Saharawi people in their struggle for their legitimate rights for self-determination (14/05/2017)

The mayor of Totana, Juan José Cánovas, has presented a motion to the May plenary session in which he proposes to reaffirm the solidarity and institutional support of the City Council of this town with the Saharawi people in their struggle for their legitimate rights for self-determination.

In addition, the Government of Spain is urged to continue to defend the peace plan before the UN, reiterating that the problem of Western Sahara is a process of unfinished decolonization that must be solved in accordance with international law.

The same proposal calls for respect for human rights in the occupied territories of Western Sahara and the immediate release of the 25 political prisoners of Gdeim Izik, who were tried by a Moroccan military court in February 2013 and sentenced to heavy Penalties ranging from 20 years to life imprisonment.

The agreement calls on the United Nations Security Council and the international community to take the necessary measures to expedite the extension of the mandate of MINURSO to ensure respect for human rights in the occupied territories of Western Sahara.

The European Union is also urged to respect international legality in the agreements it may enter into with the Kingdom of Morocco so as not to affect the territory or waters of Western Sahara or the political and economic rights of the Saharan people.

The Mayor's motion calls for increased food aid and cooperation for the Sahrawi population that resists in subhuman conditions in the Tindouf camps to alleviate the extreme living conditions of its inhabitants.

Historic context

Morocco occupied Western Sahara violently in the 1970s and the Sahrawi people have since fought for self-determination, with Gdeim Izik's camp being built in 2010 as a mirror of this peaceful protest and struggle where thousands of Sahrawis were protesting Until the brutal dismantling, after which hundreds of Saharawis were arrested and tortured.

Its process of decolonization was interrupted in 1976, when its administrative power, Spain, left the Western Sahara in the hands of Marruecos and Mauritania - after the Green March and in accordance with the Madrid Agreements (1975), not valid according to the International Law.

The territory is now almost entirely occupied by Morocco, which calls it its Southern States, although Moroccan sovereignty is not recognized either by the United Nations or any country in the world and is rejected by the Polisario Front, which proclaimed its independence in 1976 by creating the Arab Republic Saharawi Democratic Party (SADR), recognized so far by more than eighty countries.

The SADR administers the region to the east not controlled by Morocco, which it calls the Free Zone.

On November 8, 2010, the Moroccan Police and Army devastated the camp of Gdeim Izik (Camp de la Dignidad) on the outskirts of El Aaiún, the capital of Western Sahara, a month earlier, Saharawis.

It was a peaceful protest camp in which the Sahrawis denounced the social and civil discrimination to which they were subjected by the Moroccan authorities in their own lands in occupied Western Sahara and, above all, compliance with United Nations resolutions Defend the legitimate right of the Saharawi people to self-determination through a referendum.

Source: Ayuntamiento de Totana

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